Bildad Kaggia Nyeri, Kenya
Posted on November 28, 2018 / 811
Status : Freedom Fighter
Location : Nyeri

Bildad Kaggia had an eventful life. This timeline shows the most important events.


1921
 
Born at Dagoretti 

 
1927-1934
 
Primary School at Santamor Estate

 
1934-1939
 
Kahuhia Central Primary School

 
1939
 
Selected to go to Alliance High School, but lacked school fees

 
1940
 
Clerk at the DCs office Murang’a. He suffered serious racial discrimination and this had a deep impact on his future life

 
1941
 
Joined the army principally to seize the opportunity to travel to Jerusalem

 
1941-1945
 
Served in the Army in the Middle East (especially Egypt) and visited Jerusalem twice

 
1945-46
 
Posted in the United Kingdom to repatriate East African soldiers who had been captured in North Africa

 
1946
 
Discharged from the army. Came back to Kenya a changed man fired with the mission to liberate his people from the colonial yoke.

 

1946
 
Became the spiritual leader of an independent Anglican Church, popularly known as the ‘Dini ya Kaggia’

 
1947
 
Married Deborah Wambui Nelson Gitau. It was the first Christian wedding in Kenya to be conducted 
without a pastor or priest from one of the established churches

 
1948
 
Established the Clerks and the Commercial Workers Union and became its first chairman

 
1950
 
Mwaganu was born

 

1951
 
General Secretary of Nairobi Branch of Kenya African Union (KAU)

 
Member of Mau Mau Central Committee

 

Son Mwaganu was born

 
1952, 21 October
 
Arrested and later  taken for trial at Kapenguria with Jomo Kenyatta, Paul Ngei, Kunga Karumba, Achieng’ Oneko and Fred Kubai. Generally known as the Kapenguria Six
Kapenguria Six in front of the courtroom.Left to right: Ngei, Kubai, Kenyatta, Oneko, Karumba and Kaggia.

1953
Sentenced seven years hard labour for managing Mau Mau. Subsequently he was imprisoned at Lokitaung together with Jomo Kenyatta, Paul Ngei, Kungu Karumba and Fred Kubai (Later,Achieng’ Oneko won his appeal but was not left free, but detained and camps all over Kenya).
The picture shows five of the Kapenguria Six after the trial on their way to Lokitaung. Left to right: Ngei, Kaggia, Oneko (partly seen), Kenyatta and part of Karumba.

 

Imprisoned at Lokitaung till 1959. The five themselves maintain that they are political prisoners.
 
 

 
Gitau was born

1959-1961
 
Detained at Lodwar

1961
 
Transfered from Lodwar to Gitura Village. Kaggia was the last one of the Kapenguria Six to be removed from Lodwar. At Gitura Village Kaggia was still a restrictee till late 1961.
 
Well-wishers visiting Kaggia’s home after his arrival from Lodwar

 

Mbugua was born

 
1962
 
Elected KANU Chairman, Naivasha Branch

 

1963
 
Elected MP Kandara and appointed as Assistant Minister for Education

 

1964
 
Resigns from his post as Assistant Minister as protest against the government for not honouring it pledges to give confiscated land by the colonial government back to rightful owners

 
Elected KANU chairman Murang’a Branch

 

1965
 
Njoki was born

1966
 
27 MPs resign from KANU
 
Resigned from KANU and joined Kenya People’s Union (KPU). He was the Deputy president of the KPU

 
KANU introduces retroactive legislation in Parliament and Kaggia loses his seat as MP. 
In the subsequent heavily rigged elections Kaggia lost his seat. These 1966 elections are known
 as the Little General Elections

1967

After having moved a retroactive change in the constitution (Eighth Amendment) the petition of 
Kaggia and others against the 1966 elections is thrown out

1968
 
Arrested and imprisoned for one year (later reduced to six months) for holding 
an illegal meeting at Homa Bay

 

1969
 
Resigned from KPU, later the KPU is banned.


1970-1974
 
Chairman of the Maize and Produce Board and the Cotton Lint Seed Marketing Board

 

1974
 
Starts posho mill at Makutano Kenol

 
1975
 
The autobiography ‘Roots of Freedom 1921-1963; the autobiography of Bildad Kaggia’ is published. Unfortunately the book was, without the knowledge of Kaggia, heavily censored before it was printed

 
Retires from active politics. Till his death, Kaggia lived happily with his family at his small shamba at Gitura and at the same time he managed his grinding mill at Makutano.

 

1978-1980
 
Became again Chairman of Maize and Produce Board and later of the Cotton Lint Seed Marketing Board

 
1980-2005
 
Manages posho mill at Makutano Kenol. He get a lot of respect from all corners for hot having betrayed his ideals for money.When Kenya became a multi party state, politicians from all corners 
paid tribute by visiting him

 
Kaggia with Koigi wa Wamwere and Wangari Maathai 

1999
 
After the death of his son Mbugua, Kaggia started feeling unwell and was later diagnosed 
with a stroke

 
2000
 
Kaggia’s wife, Deborah Wambui Kaggia, passed away.

A few months after the death of his beloved wife, Kaggia gets a heavy, second stroke and 
since then his health was very poor

 
2005
 
Kaggia passed away
Dignitaries at the burial of Kaggia: in the middle President Kibaki and the then Minister Raila Odinga. Mwaganu Kaggia to the left of Kibaki and behind Kaggia and Kibaki is Minister John Michuki

 
2006
 
Bildad M. Kaggia Foundation is established.
 
First Bildad M. Kaggia Half Marathon took place.
 
The government constructed a mausoleum at Gitura Village to honour Bildad M. Kaggia. It was unveiled on 13th October 2006 by the Hon Minister Suleiman R. Shakombo

 
2007 vv
 
Annually the Bildad M. Kaggia half marathon takes place
 
Other activities (e.g. tree planting, feeding poor people, donating school uniforms, etc.) are carried out (see Activities)
 

 
2013
 
Launching of the book ‘The Struggle for Freedom and Justice; the life and times of the freedom fighter and politician Bildad M. Kaggia (1921-2005) by Bildad M. Kaggia, W. de Leeuw en M. Kaggia. For more information go to Publications
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