Bildad Kaggia Nyeri, Kenya
Posted on November 28, 2018 / 905
Status : Freedom Fighter
Location : Nyeri

Bildad Kaggia had an eventful life. This timeline shows the most important events.

Born at Dagoretti 

Primary School at Santamor Estate

Kahuhia Central Primary School

Selected to go to Alliance High School, but lacked school fees

Clerk at the DCs office Murang’a. He suffered serious racial discrimination and this had a deep impact on his future life

Joined the army principally to seize the opportunity to travel to Jerusalem

Served in the Army in the Middle East (especially Egypt) and visited Jerusalem twice

Posted in the United Kingdom to repatriate East African soldiers who had been captured in North Africa

Discharged from the army. Came back to Kenya a changed man fired with the mission to liberate his people from the colonial yoke.


Became the spiritual leader of an independent Anglican Church, popularly known as the ‘Dini ya Kaggia’

Married Deborah Wambui Nelson Gitau. It was the first Christian wedding in Kenya to be conducted 
without a pastor or priest from one of the established churches

Established the Clerks and the Commercial Workers Union and became its first chairman

Mwaganu was born


General Secretary of Nairobi Branch of Kenya African Union (KAU)

Member of Mau Mau Central Committee


Son Mwaganu was born

1952, 21 October
Arrested and later  taken for trial at Kapenguria with Jomo Kenyatta, Paul Ngei, Kunga Karumba, Achieng’ Oneko and Fred Kubai. Generally known as the Kapenguria Six
Kapenguria Six in front of the courtroom.Left to right: Ngei, Kubai, Kenyatta, Oneko, Karumba and Kaggia.

Sentenced seven years hard labour for managing Mau Mau. Subsequently he was imprisoned at Lokitaung together with Jomo Kenyatta, Paul Ngei, Kungu Karumba and Fred Kubai (Later,Achieng’ Oneko won his appeal but was not left free, but detained and camps all over Kenya).
The picture shows five of the Kapenguria Six after the trial on their way to Lokitaung. Left to right: Ngei, Kaggia, Oneko (partly seen), Kenyatta and part of Karumba.


Imprisoned at Lokitaung till 1959. The five themselves maintain that they are political prisoners.

Gitau was born

Detained at Lodwar

Transfered from Lodwar to Gitura Village. Kaggia was the last one of the Kapenguria Six to be removed from Lodwar. At Gitura Village Kaggia was still a restrictee till late 1961.
Well-wishers visiting Kaggia’s home after his arrival from Lodwar


Mbugua was born

Elected KANU Chairman, Naivasha Branch


Elected MP Kandara and appointed as Assistant Minister for Education


Resigns from his post as Assistant Minister as protest against the government for not honouring it pledges to give confiscated land by the colonial government back to rightful owners

Elected KANU chairman Murang’a Branch


Njoki was born

27 MPs resign from KANU
Resigned from KANU and joined Kenya People’s Union (KPU). He was the Deputy president of the KPU

KANU introduces retroactive legislation in Parliament and Kaggia loses his seat as MP. 
In the subsequent heavily rigged elections Kaggia lost his seat. These 1966 elections are known
 as the Little General Elections


After having moved a retroactive change in the constitution (Eighth Amendment) the petition of 
Kaggia and others against the 1966 elections is thrown out

Arrested and imprisoned for one year (later reduced to six months) for holding 
an illegal meeting at Homa Bay


Resigned from KPU, later the KPU is banned.

Chairman of the Maize and Produce Board and the Cotton Lint Seed Marketing Board


Starts posho mill at Makutano Kenol

The autobiography ‘Roots of Freedom 1921-1963; the autobiography of Bildad Kaggia’ is published. Unfortunately the book was, without the knowledge of Kaggia, heavily censored before it was printed

Retires from active politics. Till his death, Kaggia lived happily with his family at his small shamba at Gitura and at the same time he managed his grinding mill at Makutano.


Became again Chairman of Maize and Produce Board and later of the Cotton Lint Seed Marketing Board

Manages posho mill at Makutano Kenol. He get a lot of respect from all corners for hot having betrayed his ideals for money.When Kenya became a multi party state, politicians from all corners 
paid tribute by visiting him

Kaggia with Koigi wa Wamwere and Wangari Maathai 

After the death of his son Mbugua, Kaggia started feeling unwell and was later diagnosed 
with a stroke

Kaggia’s wife, Deborah Wambui Kaggia, passed away.

A few months after the death of his beloved wife, Kaggia gets a heavy, second stroke and 
since then his health was very poor

Kaggia passed away
Dignitaries at the burial of Kaggia: in the middle President Kibaki and the then Minister Raila Odinga. Mwaganu Kaggia to the left of Kibaki and behind Kaggia and Kibaki is Minister John Michuki

Bildad M. Kaggia Foundation is established.
First Bildad M. Kaggia Half Marathon took place.
The government constructed a mausoleum at Gitura Village to honour Bildad M. Kaggia. It was unveiled on 13th October 2006 by the Hon Minister Suleiman R. Shakombo

2007 vv
Annually the Bildad M. Kaggia half marathon takes place
Other activities (e.g. tree planting, feeding poor people, donating school uniforms, etc.) are carried out (see Activities)

Launching of the book ‘The Struggle for Freedom and Justice; the life and times of the freedom fighter and politician Bildad M. Kaggia (1921-2005) by Bildad M. Kaggia, W. de Leeuw en M. Kaggia. For more information go to Publications
In Danger
Edwin Kamanda